, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

img598Do we really know and understand how world events happened in the past?

Here are some interesting books worth reading pertaining to “propaganda“. The first author is Professor Martin Gilbert, Fellow at Merton College, Oxford (UK). His book The Roots of Appeasement pictured above, dates back to 1970 in this softcover edition. The events covered relate to the effects of the First World War, and how these effects led to the Second World War, much of it seen through the lens of social and psychological influences on the decision makers charged with the question of how or when to go to war, or not at all to go to war. Professor Gilbert has no “red line” here, but a well founded opinion of “appeasement“. The back cover and content give us more information.

img599img600To answer the question of how and why the United States got into World War One, you will have to read this very erudite study of 332 pages by H.C. Peterson titled Propaganda For War  subtitled “The Campaign against American Neutrality” 1914-1917 published by the University of Oklahoma Press (Norman, OK) in a 1939 hardbound edition.

img567The preface and index provide us with some points on how the topic is covered and gives a good “propaganda” overview from the sides involved in this conflict.

img568img569img569B Let us have a look at the book below, published in 1979 many years after the “facts”  took place.

img593Here is a real accounting of what, where and how!

img595Below is a summary of what you will find in the book.

img594The contents show us the thoroughness of this exemplary study.

img596 img597What is the role of propaganda in all of it? Whose propaganda is it? What purpose does it serve? Propaganda usually gets discovered after the “fact“. Can we call it disinformation or misinformation? Are they the same thing? The answer to the last question is a definite NO!

Disinformation is false information supplied to a third party by the originator or given to a second party to give to the third party. In turn, this false information can be used by the third party to discredit the second party not necessarily the originator. Disinformation is an intelligence tool.

Misinformation is an outright LIE used by politicians or governments against their own citizens to nudge them into a certain direction. For example, when a president says, ” You can keep your doctor“, but in fact you can not. In this case, the misinformation becomes a political tool.

Both disinformation and misinformation are two examples of propaganda.

In dismantling propaganda, time will always work against you. The longer the propaganda is used, the harder it will be for you to find the facts.